In the midst of a group of complex lessons (not in sequence) from Romans, this pericope from Ephesians suddenly appears. The message is rather clear. Jesse's genealogy is given in Ruth 4:18-22 all the way back to Judah and his daughter-in-law Tamar. 7 (Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996), Birch, Bruce C., The New Interpreter’s Bible: Numbers- Samuel, Vol. Baldwin, Joyce G., Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries:1 & 2 Samuel, Vol. But here it is used in the designation of a king; for David was not actually made king by it, but still remained a subject. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. A. ), which the WEB has updated. We rely for almost everything on our sight, but it often proves untrustworthy. 1 Samuel 16:1-13; Psalm 51:10-14 Commentary by Beth L. Tanner Most people have fond memories of David from Sunday school: shepherd, singer of psalms, king, brave warrior. (1-5) David is anointed. A. And Samuel said, How can I go? This brief narrative drama–beautiful in its use of irony, suspense, and reversal of expectations–plays upon the contrast between seeing and hearing. “Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers“ (v. 13a). Given the Lord’s earlier instruction, “Don’t look on his face, or on the height of his stature,” we are surprised to learn that David has beautiful eyes and is handsome. I have choseny one of his sons to be king.” 2 But Samuel said, “How can I go? The central drama in 1 Samuel 16 is a much-loved story. In the reading for the fourth Sunday of Lent from 1 Samuel 16, that central Bible truth was usually the statement from verse 7 that humans “look on the outward appearance, but the LORD looks on the heart.” On one level, this was a theological lesson: God loves you … 1 Samuel 16:1 Lit. The Lord has really been ministering to me about some things in 1 Samuel 12, 16 and 17. But Samuel said, “The Lord has not chosen this one either.” 9 Jesse then had Shammah pass by, but Samuel said, “Nor has the Lord chosen this one.” 10 Jesse had seven of his sons pass before Samuel, but Samuel said to him, “The Lord has not chosen these.” 11 So he asked Jesse, “Are these all the sons you have?” 16:1 Mourn - And pray for his restitution, which the following words imply he did. His anointing set him apart for his unique role as prophet, priest, and king. The L ord said, “Rise and anoint him; for this is the one.” 13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the presence of his brothers; and the spirit of the L ord came mightily upon David from that day forward. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). 1. Having accomplished his mission, the old man, Samuel, returns home. Q. 8 (Downers Grove, Illinois: Inter-Varsity Press, 1988), Bergin, Robert D., The New American Commentary: 1, 2 Samuel, Vol. We also tend to pick our leaders–politicians, principals, coaches, celebrities, and so on–based on our society’s norms about appearance. It is not by the appearance of a man; Vg. (14-23) Commentary on 1 Samuel 16:1-5 (Read 1 Samuel 16:1-5) It appears that Saul was grown very wicked. God likes working with seemingly inferior candidates, because people are more likely to understand their success as the result or the Lord’s power rather than the individual’s power (1 Corinthians 1:27-29). God’s guidance is usually not as discernable in the moment as it is in hindsight. Samuel sent to Bethlehem to Jesse. Full Name. Samuel’s decision not to sit down until David arrives emphasizes the significance of the occasion. Back in 1 Sam 9:19, Samuel had even referred to himself as a “seer,” literally a “see-er” (h)ero). In the Bible, kings and other leaders — even God and Jesus — are often compared to shepherds (Numbers 27:17; 2 Samuel 5:2; 1 Kings 22;17; Psalm 23; Jeremiah 12:10; 23:1-4; Ezekiel 34:2; John 10:1-10). 24 Saul said to Samuel, b “I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of the L ord and your words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. Saul, he feared, would kill him. Finally, Samuel has occasion to use it. This morning we’re going to be in 1 Samuel 17. Free Bible Study Tools. Saul Fights the Philistines (1 Samuel 14:15-52) 12. There was one more son, but he was the youngest and of such little account that Jesse had left him out in the field tending the sheep. 1 Samuel 16 1-Samuel 16:8 But the LORD said to Samuel, "Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for God sees not as man sees, for man looks at the outward appearance, but the LORD looks at the heart." “Yahweh said, ‘Arise, anoint him; for this is he‘” (v. 12). In those days, it … (1 Samuel 16:1). Neither Saul nor David’s older brothers might have understood the way in which God was providing for Israel as a good way, but God’s eyes were on the people as a whole and not merely the individuals. Of what would he not be guilty, who durst think to kill Samuel? 1 Samuel 16:1-10. The First Readings: The Old Testament and Acts (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2001), Klein, Ralph W., Word Biblical Commentary: 1 Samuel, Vol. Fill your horn with oil, and come, I shall send you to Jesse, the Bethlehemite, for I have seen for Myself a king among his sons." This is the first mention of David’s name. But Samuel … I have provided— This phrase is very emphatical, and implies the d… Apparently, since we buy the watches. 1 Samuel 16:13 = No. Here, it is important to note that it is the community of faith that is under God’s care. 16 The Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, since I have rejected him as king over Israel? Commentary, 1 Samuel 16:1-13 (Lent 4A), Roger Nam, Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2014. Q. Soon, we will see the dramatic effects of that power, when little David— too small to wear a warrior’s armor — slays the giant, Goliath (chapter 17). The *Lord calls Samuel. They seemed to come bearing only bad news. But it’s really a story about how the enemy of the soul attacks the Body of Christ. The problem is that Samuel is relying on his human sense of vision, which will not do for the work of God. if Saul hear it, he will kill me. Even the great prophet Samuel did not know what God was doing. Oil - Which was used in the inauguration of kings. Wesley's Notes for 1 Samuel 16:1. Most especially, it was used to designate a person for a significant role. In the tradition in which I was raised, Bible study material often tried to present a “Central Bible Truth” for each lesson–the one thing that the biblical text said was important to “take home.” But here it is used in the designation of a king; for David was not actually made king by it, but still remained a subject. Chapter 16 begins with Samuel mourning for Saul as one would mourn for the dead. Do we really think that wearing the same watch as Heidi Klum or Tiger Woods will make us more attractive and successful? Saul and the Amalekites (1 Samuel 15:1-35) 13. I Samuel 16:1-13 Samuel Goes to Bethlehem. Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. I have chosen one of his sons to be king.” 2 But Samuel said, “How can I go? Email. One of the primary messages of this story is that God is (yet again) providing for the welfare of the people. tan)— the Hebrew word can also mean the smallest (Klein). 1. the Lord said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul --Samuel's grief on account of Saul's rejection, accompanied, doubtless, by earnest prayers for his restitution, showed the amiable feelings of the man; but they were at variance with his public duty as a prophet. Samuel then set out and went to Ramah. Saul is still king now — and will be for some time to come. Eli the priest led him. Bible Commentary for 1 Samuel 16:1. Here I. Samuel is appointed and commissioned to anoint a king among the sons of Jesse at Bethlehem (1 Samuel 16:1-5). 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. The Designation of David as King (1 Samuel 16:1-23) 14. 1 Samuel Chapter 16 Summary In those days if a prophet came to visit you, it was largely because there was a problem. The Lord chooses the unlikely candidate — the youngest rather than the eldest — perhaps the smallest — the one deemed most unlikely to succeed by his father. Psalms that may go with this period: 8, 19, 23, and 29. "You can have one of the most unforgettable dining experiences of your life at the Nalaga'at Center in the area of Jaffa in Tel Aviv, Israel." I have chosen one of his sons to be king." This story, with so much of the Old Testament, affirms that God’s “providence” operates beyond the spectrum in which our sight operates, but even so we remain within God’s view. Saul Sacrifices His Kingdom (1 Samuel 13:1-14) 10. The anointing leads to the spirit of the Lord empowering David. 10 (Dallas: Word Books, 1983), Newsome, James D., in Brueggemann, Walter; Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R.; and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV — Year B (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993), Peterson, Eugene H., Westminster Bible Companion: First and Second Samuel (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999), Tsumura, David Toshio, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament: The First Book of Samuel (Grand Rapids: Wm. Priests were anointed (Exodus 40:13-15). At the beginning of this chapter, the Lord instructed David to fill his horn with oil for this occasion (16:1). Samuel, Saul and David. 25 Now therefore, please pardon my sin and c return with me that I may bow before the L ord.” 26 And Samuel said to Saul, “I will not return with you. He is the quintessential example of what it means to be a follower of Yahweh. And the reason of this success might be partly natural, and partly supernatural, respecting David; whom God designed by this means to bring into favour with the king, and so to smooth the way for his advancement. Oil— Which was used in the inauguration of kings. Where was David from? For him to stand for hours while waiting for David is no small matter. Ruddy could refer to a reddish hue in his hair or complexion — perhaps sun-bleached hair and suntanned skin because of his work in the fields. When dealing with matters of God’s actions and will, human sight is an inadequate tool. II (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1998), Brueggemann, Walter, Interpretation Commentary: I and II Samuel (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1973), Cartledge, Tony W., Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary: 1 & 2 Samuel (Macon, Georgia: Smyth & Helwys, 2001), Craddock, Fred B.; Hayes, John H.; Holladay, Carl R.; Tucker, Gene M., Preaching Through the Christian Year, B (Valley Forge: Trinity Press International, 1993), Evans, Mary J., New International Biblical Commentary: 1 and 2 Samuel (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2000), Gehrke, Ralph David, Concordia Commentary: 1 and 2 Samuel (St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1968), Holbert, John C., in Van Harn, Roger (ed. “So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah“ (v. 13b). For the last century or more, the taller of the two final presidential candidates has almost always won. The fact that David has been serving as a shepherd points to his future role as a king. The chapter’s key word “see” (h)r) is again in play, especially in v. 7, where it occurs five times. (1) In the present situation, the Lord instructed Samuel to invite Jesse and his sons to the sacrifice (1 Samuel 16:3). 1 Samuel 16:23. seen; 1 Samuel 16:5 Consecrate; 1 Samuel 16:7 rejected; 1 Samuel 16:7 LXX For God does not see as man sees; Tg. Renewing the Kingdom (1 Samuel 11:14-12:25) 9. We should note, however, that this is a private anointing. Saul, Jonathan, and the Philistines (1 Samuel 13:15-14:15) 11. At some point during the sacrifice, the Lord … Samuel is an old man. And lest we in the church think we have risen above this shallow horizon, take a look at the leaders of the church– pastors, elders, bishops, college and seminary presidents–and ask yourself, “Are we really any different?”, What a powerful, countercultural, evangelical message that this text has to offer us and our times! 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